Community Structure Of Seagrass In Southeast Waters Cempedak Island West Kalimantan

  • Ikha Safitri Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, FMIPA Universitas Tanjungpura https://orcid.org/0009-0008-5673-2450
  • Mega Sari Juane Sofiana Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, FMIPA Universitas Tanjungpura https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5123-8129
  • Billget Mansirit Yudhoyono Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, FMIPA Universitas Tanjungpura
  • Setra Kusumardana Yayasan WeBe Konservasi Ketapang, Kalimantan Barat
Keywords: lamun, Enhalus, Cymodocea, Halodule, Halophila

Abstract

Cempedak Island is one of the Coastal and Small Islands Conservation Areas (KKP3K) in West Kalimantan has various marine biological resources and important ecosystems, including seagrass. Seagrass is used as the main food source for dugong, potential habitat for various types of organisms, and potential to be developed as marine ecotourism. On the other hand, seagrass ecosystems faced threats, such as high sedimentation and the influence of anthropogenic activities. It is unknown about the current status of seagrass on Cempedak Island. This research aimed to analyze the structure of seagrass in the southeastern waters of Cempedak Island. Seagrass data collection was carried out in the tidal zone using line transect of 70 m and a quadratic transect of 1x1 m2. Data collection on seagrass and water parameters was carried out in October 2023. Determination of research sites was done using an explorative method based on the presence of seagrass. The seagrass found consisted of 4 species, namely Enhalus acoroides, Cymodocea rotundata, Halodule pinifolia, and Halophila ovalis. Seagrass cover ranged from 9.17–16.74%, with an abundance of 1.4–373.3 ind/m2. The diversity index (H') is in the low to medium category, the uniformity index (E) is in the medium category and the dominance index (C) is in the low category. Conditions of water quality parameters were into the optimal range to support seagrass life.

References

Aboud, S.A. dan Kannah, J.F. 2017. Abundance, Distribution and Diversity of Seagrass Species in Lagonal Reefs on the Kenyan Coast. J. Eng., 37(1), 52-67.

Awang, T.E.D., Duan, F.K., Momo, A.N. 2018. Analysis of Diversity, Density, and Pattern of Spread of Seagrass Intertidal Zone Seba Beach District West Savu of Savu-Raijua. Jurnal Biotropikal Sains, 15(2), 84¬-98.

Barrio, A.V., Montagna, G., Mamtani, A., Sevilimedu, V., Edelweiss, M., Capko, D., Cody, H.S., El-Tamer, M., Gemignani, M.L., Heerdt, A., Kirstein, L., Moo, T.A., Pilewskie, M., Plitas, G., Sacchini, V., Sclafani, L., Tadros, A., Van-Zee, K.J., Morrow, M. 2021. Nodal Recurrence in Patients with Node-Positive Breast Cancer Treated with Sentinel Node Biopsy Alone After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy-A Rare Event. JAMA Oncol., 7(12), 1851-1855. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2021.4394.

Bialangi, M.S. 2005. Komperasi Keanekaragaman dan Pola Distribusi Mangrove pada Kawasan Pantai Berawa dan tidak Berawa Kabupaten Pahuwato Gorontalo. Program Pascasarjana IKIP MALANG, Malang.

Braun-Blanquet J. 1965. Plant Sociology: The Study of Plant Communities, (Trans. rev. and ed. By C.D. Fuller and H.S. Conard). London: Hafner.

Collier, C.J., Villacorta-Rath, C., van Dijk, K.-J., Takahashi, M., Waycott, M. 2014. Seagrass Proliferation Precedes Mortality During Hyposalinity Events: A Stress-Induced Morphometric Response. PLoS ONE 9(4): e94014. https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0094014

Collier, J.C., Ow, Y.X., Langlois, L., Uthicke, S., Johansson, C.L., O’Brien, K.R., Hrebien, V. dan Adams, M.P. 2017. Optimum Temperatures for Net Primary Productivity of Three Tropical Seagrass Species. Front. Plant Sci., 8, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.201 7.01446

Copertino, M.S., Creed, J.C., Lanari, M.O., Magalhães, K., Barros, K., Lana, P.C., Sordo, L., Horta, P.A. 2016. Seagrass and Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (VAS) Habitats Off the Coast of Brazil: State of Knowledge, Conservation and Main Threats. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(sp2), 53-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1679-875 920161036064sp2.

Dahuri, R., Jacub, R., Sapta, P.G., Sitepu, M.J. 2001. Resource Management Integrated Coastal and Ocean Territory. PT Pradnya Paramita, Jakarta.

Daud, M., Pin, T.G., Handayani, T. 2019. The Spatial Pattern of Seagrass Distribution and the Correlation with Salinity, Sea Surface Temperature, and Suspended Materials in Banten Bay. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 243, 1-8.

Duarte, C.M., Kirkman, H. 2001. Methods for the Measurements of Seagrass Abundance and Depth Distribution. in: Short, F.T., Coles, R.G., editors. Global Seagrass Research Methods. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science. pp.155-182.

Effendi, H. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air bagi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Yogyakarta, Kanisius. 259 hlm.

El Shaffai, A. 2016. Field Guide to Seagrasses of the Red Sea. Rouphael, A. and Abdulla, A., eds. Second Edition. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN and Courbevoie, France: Total Foundation. viii + 56 pp.

English, S., Wilkinson, C., Baker, V. 1994. Survey Manual for Tropical Marine Resources, Townville. Australian Institute of Marine Science.

Fahruddin, M., Suriyadin, A., Murtawan, H., Abdurachman, M.H., Setyono, B.D.H., Saputra, A. dan Ilyas, A.P. 2023. Struktur Komunitas Lamun di Perairan Ketapang, Lombok Barat. Journal of Marine Research,12(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.14710/jmr.v 12i1.34537

Fitrian, T., Kusnadi, A., Persilette, R.N. 2017. Seagrass community structure of Tayando-Tam Island, Southeast Moluccas, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 18(2), 788-794.

Gusmalawati, D. dan Sanova, A.S.S. 2018. Tutupan Lamun Thalassia hemprichii di Perairan Dusun Karang Utara, Pulau Lemukutan, Kabupaten Bengkayang, Kalimantan Barat. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Research, 2(3), 186-191. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jfmr.2018.002.03.7

Handayani, D.R., Armid, Emiyarti. 2016. Hubungan Kandungan Nutrien dalam Substrat terhadap Kepadatan Lamun di Perairan Desa Lalowaru Kecamatan Moramo Utara. Jurnal Sapa Laut, 1(2), 42-53. http:// dx.doi.org/10.33772/jsl.v1i2.929

Hemminga, M.A. and Duarte, C.M. 2000. Seagrass Ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Herlina, Idiawati, N., Safitri, I. 2018. Diversitas Mikroalga Epifit Berasosiasi pada Daun Lamun Thalassia hemprichii di Pulau Lemukutan Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Laut Khatulistiwa, 1(2), 37-44.

Howarth, J.F. dan Durako, M.J. 2013. Diurnal Variation in Chlorophyll Fluorescence of Thalassia testudinum Seedlings in Response to Controlled Salinity and Light Conditions. Journal of Marine Biology, 160, 591-605.

Hukom, F.D. dan Pelasula, D. 2012. Baseline Studi Kondisi Terumbu Karang, Lamun dan Mangrove di Perairan Pantai Utara Sebelah Timur (Lautem, s.d. Com) Timor Leste, Jakarta. Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI. 86 hlm.

Jo, R.O., Minsas, S., Kushadiwijayanto, A.A, Idiawati, N. 2023. Analisis Kondisi Lamun Enhalus acoroides di Perairan Desa Sutera Kecamatan Sukadana Kabupaten Kayong Utara. Jurnal Akuatiklestari, 6, 108-115. https://doi.org/10.31629/akuatiklestari.v6i. 5152.

Kawaroe, M., Nugraha, A.H., Juraij, Tasabaramo, I.A. 2016. Seagrass Biodiversity at Three Marine Ecoregions of Indonesia: Sunda Shelf, Sulawesi Sea, and Banda Sea. Biodiversitas, 17(2), 585-591. doi:10.13057/biodiv/d170228.

Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup No. 51 Tahun 2004 Tentang Baku Mutu Air Laut. 10 hlm.

Keputusan Mentri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 200 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kriteria Baku Kerusakan dan Pedoman Penentuan Status Padang Lamun.

Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Nomor 91/KEPMEN-KP/2020 Tahun 2020 tentang Kawasan Konservasi Pesisir Dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil Kendawangan dan Perairan Sekitarnya di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.

Kilminster, K., McMahon, K., Waycott, M., Kendrick, G.A., Scanes, P., McKenzie, L., O'Brien, K.R., Lyons, M., Ferguson, A., Maxwell, P., Glasby, T., Udy, J. 2015. Unravelling Complexity in Seagrass Systems for Management: Australia as a Microcosm. Sci. Total. Environ., 534, 97-109. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.061.

Lamit, N. dan Tanaka, Y. 2019. Species-Specific Distribution of Intertidal Seagrasses Along Environmental Gradients in a Tropical Estuary (Brunei Bay, Borneo). Regional Studies in Marine Science, 29, 100671. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100671.

Latuconsina, H., Nessa, M.N., Rappe, R.A. 2012. Komposisi spesies dan struktur komunitas ikan padang lamun di perairan Tanjung Tiram–Teluk Ambon Dalam. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 4(1), 35-46.

Lefcheck, J.S., Wilcox, D.J., Murphy, R.R., Marion, S.R., Orth, R.J. 2017. Multiple Stressors Threaten the Imperiled Coastal Foundation Species Eelgrass (Zostera marina) in Chesapeake Bay. Global Change Biology, 23, 3474–3483.

Lincoln, S., Vannoni, M., Benson, L., Engelhard, G.H., Tracey, D., Shaw, C., Molisa, V. 2021. Assessing Intertidal Seagrass Beds Relative to Water Quality in Vanuatu, South Pacific. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 163, 111936. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111936.

Manangkalangi, E., Sembel, L., Tebaiy, S., Manuputty, A., Rumayomi, M. R., Musyeri, P., Sawaki, D., Orissu, D., Manumpil, A. W., Kaber, Y. 2022. Evaluation of Seagrass Beds As A Foraging And Nursery Habitat Based on the Structure of the Fish Community in Nusmapi Island, West Papua, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 23(10), 5165–5174. https:// doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d231024.

Marin-Guirao, L., Sandoval-Gil, J.M., Bernardeau-Esteller, J., Ruiz, J.M., Sanchez-Lizaso, J.L. 2013. Responses of the Mediterranean Seagrass Posidonia oceanica to Hypersaline Stress Duration and Recovery. Marine Enviromental Research, 84, 60-75.

McKenzie, L.J. 2003. Guidelines For The Rapid Assessment and Mapping of Tropical Seagrass Habitats, the State of Queensland, Department of Primary Industries, Queensland.

Menajang, F.S.I., Kaligis, G.J.F., Wagey, B.T. 2017. Komunitas Lamun di Pesisir Pantai Pulau Bangka Bagian Selatan Kabupaten Minahasa Utara Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Jurnal Ilmiah Platax, 5(2), 121-134.

Namira, A., Arthana, I.W., Kartika, I.W.D. 2021. Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Kondisi Ekosistem Padang Lamun di Pantai Mengiat Nusa Dua Bali. Jurnal Bumi Lestari, 21, 24-35.

Newmaster, A.F., Berg, K.J., Ragupathy, S., Palanisamy, M., Sambandan, K. dan Newmaster, S.G. 2011. Local Knowledge and Conservation of Seagrass in the Tamil Nadu State of India. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7, 1-7.

Nugraha, A.H., Tasabaramo, I.A., Hernawan, U.E., Rahmawati, S., Putra, R.D., Darus, R.F. 2021. Diversity, coverage, distribution and ecosystem services of seagrass in three small islands of northern Papua, Indonesia: Liki Island, Meossu Island and Befondi Island. Biodiversitas, 22(12), 5544-5549.

Odum, E.P. 1971. Fundamental of Ecology. W.B. Sounders Company, Philadelphia.

Odum, E.P. 1993. Dasar-Dasar Ekologi. Yogyakarta, Gadjah Mada University Press.

Pedersen, O., Colmer, T.D., Borum, J., Zavala‐Perez, A., Kendrick, G.A. 2016. Heat Stress of Two Tropical Seagrass Species During Low Tides–Impact on Underwater Net Photosynthesis, Dark Respiration and Diel In Situ Internal Aeration. New Phytologist, 210, 1207-1218.

Pineiro-Juncal, N., Serrano, O., Mateo, M.A., Diaz-Almela, E., Leiva-Duenas, C., Martinez-Cortizas, A. 2022. Review of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Seagrass Soils. J. Geoderma, 428, 116219.

Plaisted, H.K., Shields, E.C., Novak, A.B., Peck, C.P., Schenck, F., Carr, J., Duffy, P.A., Evans, N.T., Fox, S.E., Heck, S.M., Hudson, R., Mattera, T., Moore, K.A., Neikirk, B., Parrish, D.B., Peterson, B.J., Short, F.T., Tinoco A.I. 2022. Influence of Rising Water Temperate Seagrass Species Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in Northeast USA. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9, 1-11.

Rahmawati, S., Irawan, A., Supriyadi, I.H., Azkab, M.H. 2014. Panduan Monitoring Padang Lamun. Pusat Penelitian Indonesia, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI), Jakarta.

Sakey, W.F., Wagey, B.T., dan Gerung, G.S. 2015. Variasi Morfometrik pada Beberapa Lamun di Perairan Semenanjung Minahas. Jurnal Pesisir dan Laut Tropis, 3(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.35800/jplt.3.1.2015.7724.

Serrano, O., Lopez, D.I.G., Valencia, L.S., Chaparro, A.A., Camacho, R.N., Corredor, J.G., Salinas, C., Masque, P., Bernal, C.A., Marba, N. 2021. Seagrass Blue Carbon Stocks and Sequestration Rates in the Colombian Caribbean. J. Scientific Reports, 11, 11067.

Shields, E.C., Parrish, D., Moore, K. 2019. Short-Term Temperature Stress Results in Seagrass Community Shift in a Temperate Estuary. Estuaries Coasts, 42, 755–764.

Short, F., Carruthers, T., Dennison, W., Waycott, M. 2007. Global Seagrass Distribution and Diversity: A Bioregional Model. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 350, 3–20.

Short, F.T. dan R.G. Coles. 2001. Global Seagrass Research Methods. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Short, F.T., Williams, S.L., Carruthers, T.J.R., Waycott, M., Kendrick, G.A., Fourqurean, J.W., Callabine, A., Kenworthy, W.J., Dennison, W.C. 2010. Halodule pinifolia, The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010 e.T173327A6991467. Available: http://dx.doi.org /10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-3.RLTS.T173327A6991467.en (30 Januari 2023).

Short, F.T. dan Carruthers, T.J.R. 2010. Halophila ovalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-Short3.RLTS.T169015A6561 794.en. [Diakses tanggal 30 Januari 2023].

Simanjuntak, M. 2009. Hubungan Faktor Lingkungan Kimia, Fisika Terhadap Distribusi Plankton di Perairan Belitung Timur, Bangka Belitung. Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 11, 31-45.

Sofiana, M.S.J., Safitri, I., Risko, Saputri, K.E., Nurcahyanto T. 2020. Analisis Kondisi Lamun Thalassia hemprichii di Perairan Pulau Kabung, Kabupaten Bengkayang, Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan, 10(2), 149-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.33512/ jpk.v10i2.9497

Strydom, S., Murray, K., Wilson, S., Huntley, B., Rule, M., Heithaus, M., Bessey, C., Kendrick, G.A., Burkholder, D., Fraser, M.W., Zdunic, K. 2020. Too Hot to Handle: Unprecedented Seagrass Death Driven by Marine Heatwave in A World Heritage Area. Global Change Biology, 26, 3525-3538.

Tahril, T., Taba, P., Nafie, N.L., Noor, A. 2011. Analisis Besi dalam Ekosistem Lamun dan Hubungannya dengan Sifat Fisikokimia Perairan Pantai Kabupaten Donggala. J. Nature Indonesia, 13, 105-111.

Takaendengan, K. dan Azkab, M.H. 2010. Struktur Komunitas Lamun di Pulau Talise Sulawesi Utara. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Pusat Penelitian Oceanografi-LIPI. Sulut.

Tishmawati, N.C., Suryanti, Ain, C. 2014. Hubungan Kerapatan Lamun (Seagrass) dengan Kelimpahan Syngnathidae di Pulau Panggang Kepulauan Seribu. Jurnal Maquares, 3, 147-153.

Tsioli, S., Orfanidis, S., Papathanasiou, V., Katsaros, C., Exadactylos, A. 2019. Effects of Salinity and Temperature on the Performance of Cymodocea nodosa and Ruppia cirrhosa: A Medium-term Laboratory Study. Journal of Botanica Marina, 62, 97-108.

Tuwo A. 2011. Pengelolaan Ekowisata Pesisir dan Laut. Surabaya: Brilian Internasional.

Udagedara, S., Fernando, D., Perera, N., Tanna, A., Bown, R. 2017. A First Record of Halodule pinifolia Miki den Hartog, and New Locality of Nationally Endangered Halophila beccarii Asch, from the Eastern Coast of Sri Lanka. Int. J. Aquat. Biol., 5(5), 328-335.

Unsworth, R.K.F., Collier, C.J., Waycott, M., Mckenzie, L.J., Cullen-Unsworth, L.C. 2015. A Framework for the Resilience of Seagrass Ecosystems. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 100(1), 34-46. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.08.016.

Unsworth, R.K.F., Unsworth, L.C.C., Jones, B.L.H., Lilley, R.J. 2022. The Planetary Role of Seagrass Conservation. Science, 377(6606), 609-613. doi: 10.1126/science.abq6923.

Wagey, B.T. dan Sake, W. 2013. Variasi Morfometrik Beberapa Jenis Lamun di Perairan Kelurahan Tongkeina Kecamatan Bunaken. Jurnal Pesisir dan Laut Tropis, 3, 36-44.

Waycott, M., McMahoon, K., Mellors, J., Calladine, A., Kleine, D. 2004. A Guide to Tropical Seagrasses of the Indo-West Pacific. James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

Wilson, S.S., Dunton, K.H. 2018. Hypersalinity During Regional Drought Drives Mass Mortality of the Seagrass Syringodium filiforme in A Subtropical Lagoon. Estuaries and Coasts, 41, 855–865.

Wirawan, A.A. 2014. Tingkat Kelangsungan Hidup Lamun yang Ditransplantasi secara Multispesies di Pulau Barranglompo. Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hassanuddin, Makassar.

Wuthirak, T., Kongnual, R., Buapet, P. 2016. Desiccation Tolerance and Underlying Mechanisms for The Recovery of the Photosynthetic Efficiency in the Tropical Intertidal Seagrasses Halophila ovalis and Thalassia hemprichii. Journal Botanica Marina, 59, 387–396.

Yaakub, S.M., Ooi, J.L.S., Buapet, P., Unsworth, R.K.F. 2018. Seagrass Research in Southeast Asia. Botanica Marina, 61(3), 177-179. https://doi.org/10.1515/bot-2018-0046.

Yudhoyono, B.M., Safitri, I., Sofiana, M.S.J., Kusumardana, S. 2023. Karakteristik Lamun di Perairan Timur Pulau Cempedak Kalimantan Barat. Oseanologia, 2(3), 102-108. http://dx.doi.org/10.26418/jose.v2i3.74860

Yulianti, Idiawati, N., Sofiana, M.S.J. 2018. Potensi Antibakteri dari Bakteri Berasosiasi Enhalus acoroides dari Perairan Pantai Samudera Indah. Jurnal Laut Khatulistiwa, 1(2), 51-54.

Zubra, N. 2018. Pengenalan Padang Lamun, Suatu Ekosisem yang Terlupakan. Unimal Press. Aceh.

Published
2024-04-25
How to Cite
Safitri, I., Sofiana, M., Yudhoyono, B., & Kusumardana, S. (2024). Community Structure Of Seagrass In Southeast Waters Cempedak Island West Kalimantan. Barakuda’45, 6(1), 34-51. https://doi.org/10.47685/barakuda45.v6i1.477
Section
Articles