Growth And Food Habits Of Pelian Fish Tor Douronensis Caught Using Tuba Root Poison In Krayan Nunukan, North Kalimantan

  • IWK Kantun Dananjaya Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis maritim Balik Diwa
  • Hevranklin Hevranklin Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa
  • Nuraeni L Rapi Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa
Keywords: Tuba roots; pelian fish; food habit; growth; size

Abstract

The use of semah fish with the local name pelian fish in nature is carried out using various methods, one of which is using tuba root plant poison. This tuba root poison is thought to have an impact on the biological condition of pelian fish and aquatic ecology. In connection with this, this research aims to analyze the size distribution, growth type and food habits of pelian fish. The research was conducted from June to August 2023 in West Krayan District, Nunukan Regency, North Kalimantan. The results of the study showed that the length distribution of pelian fish caught using tuba root plant poison was 30.626 ± 7.048 cm, with a weight of 786.531 ± 430.066 g. The growth pattern is negative allometric with eating habits consisting of moss at 44.57%, insects at 33.04%, pieces of fruit at 10.00% and unidentified at 12.39%. Moss and insects are the main food, while fruit is a complementary food. Based on the results obtained, pelian fish in nature can be caught using moss bait. The use of high doses of tuba root can cause damage to the fish's gills, which can cause fish death as a result of not being able to neutralize rotenone.

References

Adiyanda, R., Elvyra, R. & Yusfiati. (2014). Analisis Isi Lambung Ikan Lais Janggut (Kryptoterus limpok, Bleeker 1852) di Sungai Tapung Hilir Provinsi Riau. JOM FMIPA 1(2): 511-524.

Arsyad, M. & Syaefuddin, A. (2010). Food and feeding habit of rasbora (Rasbora argyrotaenia, Blkr) in the down stream of musi river. Proceeding of international conference on Indonesia inland waters II. Research Institute for Inland Fisheries, Palembang.

Astuti, D. (2004). Uji Toksisitas Limbah Cair MSG (Mono Sodium Glutamat) Terhadap Ikan Nila (Tilapia nilotica) di Palur Karanganyar. Infokes 8: 1-10.

Baird, I.G., Inthaphaisy, V., Kisouvannalath, P., Phylavanh, B. & Mounsouphom, B. (1999). The fishes of southern Lao. Lao Community Fisheries and Dolphin Protection Project. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Lao PDR.161 p

Bayuri. (2006). Biologi Perikanan. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Jakarta.

Blackweel, B. G., Brown, M. L., & Willis, D. W. (2000). Relative Weigth (Wr) Status and Current Use In Fisheries Assesment and Management. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 8(1): 1-44.https://doi.org/10.1080/10641260091129161.

Damora, A., & Wagiyo, K. (2012). Estuaries Waters Resources In Pemalang, Central Java. Bawal, 4(2): 91-96.

Deus, C.C. & M. Petrere-Junior. (2003). Seasonal diets of seven fish species in an Atlantik rain forest stream in southeastrern Brazil. Braz. J. Blot. 63(4) : 579-588.

Djajasewaka, H. Y. (1985). Makanan Ikan. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Effendie, M.I. (1979). Metode Biologi Perikanan. Bogor. Yayasan Dewi Sri.

Elhaweet, A.E.A. (2003). Biological studies of the invasev species Nemipterus japonicas (Bloch, 1791) as a Red Sea Immigrant into the Meditteranian. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Researtch, 39 : 267-274.

Froese, R. (2006). Cube Law, condition factor and weigth-length relationship : history, meta-analysis and recommendations. Journal of Applied lchthyology, 22: 241-253.https://doi.org/10.111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.

Gamalael, C.G. (2004) . Pengaruh Penggunaan Anestesi Ekstrak Akar Tuba (Derris elliptica) Dengan Dosis Berbeda Dalam Sistem Transportasi Ikan Mas (Cyprinus carpio L.). Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan. Universitas Airlangga.

Irawan, O., Efendi, E., & Ali, M. (2014). Efek Pelarut yang Berbeda Terhadap Toksisitas Ekstrak Akar Tuba (Derris elliptica). e-Jurnal Rekayasa dan Teknologi Budidaya Perairan,2 (2): 259-266.

Jennings, S., M., J. Kaiser. & J.D. Reynolds. (2001). Marine Fishery Ecology. Blackwell Sciences, Oxford 417p.

Kantun, W., Darris, L. & Arsana, W.,S. (2018). Komposisi Jenis dan Ukuran Ikan yang Ditangkap pada Rumpon dengan Pancing Ulur di Selat Makassar, Merine Fisheries, 9(2): 157-167.

Kholis, M. N., Wahju, R. I., & Mustaruddin, M. (2018). Prioritas pengelolaan usaha penangkapan ikan kerau di Pambang Pesisir Kabupaten Bengkalis Provinsi Riau. SEMAH Jurnal pengelolaan sumberdaya perairan, 2(3).

Kottelat, M. (1998). Fishes of the Nam Theum and Xe Bangfai Basin, Laos with diagnoses of twenty-two new species (Teleostei: Cprynidae, Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Coiidae and Odontobutidae). Lchthyol. Explor Freshwat, 9(1): 1-128.

Laila, K. (2018). Pengaruh suhu yang berbeda terhadap pertumbuhan dan kelulusanhidup benih ikan mas (Cyprinus carpio). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Multidisiplin Ilmu 275-281.

Mackinnon, K. G., Hatta, H., Halim. & Mongolik, A. (2000). The Ekology of Kalimantan Prenhallindo, Jakarta.

Makmur, S., Arfiati, D., Bintoro, G., & Ekawati, A. W. (2014). Food habit of hampala (Hampala macrolepidato Kulh & Van Hasselt 1823) and its position in food web, food pyramid and population equilibrium of ranau lake, Indonesia. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 4(6): 167-177.

Marson, (2013). Hubungan Panjang-Berat dan Faktor Kondisi Ikan Semah (Tor tambroides) di Sungai Batang Tarusan, Sumatera Barat. Fisheries. 2 (1): 14-16.

Marson. (2013). Distribusi Ukuran Panjang Ikan Semah (Tor tambroides) di Sungai Manna, Bengkulu. Fiseries, 2(1), 5-7.

Merta, I.G.S. (1993). Hubungan panjang berat dan faktor kondisi ikan lemuru, Sardinella Bleeker 1853 dari perairan Selat Bali. Jurnal penelitian laut, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ikan ke 8.

Muchlisin, Z. A., Musman, M., & Siti-Azizah, M.N. (2010). Length-weigth relationship and condition factors of two threatened fishes. Rasbora and Poropuntius tawarensis, endemic to lake laut tawar, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26: 949-953.

Mudjiman, A. (2004). Makanan Ikan Edisi Revisi. Penebar Swadaya. Depok. 191 hal.

Nurdawati, S., Oktaviani. D., Makmur, S., argasasmita, S, Rachmatika, I. & Haryono. (2007). Tata nama spesies ikan air tawar Indonesia di tinjau dari perkembangan taksonomi. Pusat Riset Perikanan Tangkap, 97 hal

Richter, T.J. (2007). Development and evaluation of standard weigth equations forbridgelip sucker and largescale sucker. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 27: 936-939.

Rossiana, N. (2006). Uji Toksisitas Limbah Cair Tahu Sumedang Terhadap Reproduksi Daphnia carinata King. Laporan Penelitian. Universitas Padjajaran. Hal 7.

Star, F., K & L.Loope. (2003). Derris ellipica. United state geological survey-biological resources division. Halaecala field station.

Subagja, Arif, W. & Marson. (2009). Pertumbuhan Ikan Semah (Tor tambra, Valenciennes, 1842) di perairan Sungai Musi, Sumatera Selatan. Jurnal Bawal. BAWAL: 2 (4): 133-138.

Tamba, I.,S. (2018). Studi Morphometrik dan Pertumbuhan Ikan Tor (Tor spp.) Family Ciprinidae di DAS Wampu Kabupaten Langkat. Skripsi. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Walpole, R.E. (1995). Pengantar Statistika (Diterjemahkan oleh Bambang Sumantri) Edisi ketiga. PT.Gramedia. Jakarta. 515p.

Wibowo, A. (2012). Keragaman Genetik Ikan Semah (Tor tambroides Bleker 1854) di Sungai Manna, Bengkulu dan Semangka, Lampung. Bawal, 4 (2): 105-112.

Yulfiperius. (2006). Domestikasi dan Pengembangbiakkan dalam Upaya Pelestarian Ikan Lalawak (Barbode sp). Sekolah Pasca Sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor. Disertasi. 157 hal.

Published
2024-04-25
How to Cite
Dananjaya, I., Hevranklin, H., & L Rapi, N. (2024). Growth And Food Habits Of Pelian Fish Tor Douronensis Caught Using Tuba Root Poison In Krayan Nunukan, North Kalimantan. Barakuda’45, 6(1), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.47685/barakuda45.v6i1.473
Section
Articles